Policy Networks, Concepts and Approaches in Policy Making

Ali khaje Naieni
2015 Dulat/pizhūhī  
Purpose: The present article is an attempt to describe the elementary forms of policy network in public policy and policy making. Government is actually not the cockpit from which society is governed and that policy making processes rather are generally interplay among various actors. Networks provide platforms where highly interdependent policy actors are contacted and interact frequently to deal with common problems. "The resulting formal and informal interactions have the potential to
more » ... e policy effectiveness at less cost than authority-based structural changes arrived at through formal reorganization". Policy networks are Clusters of actors, each with an interest, or stake in a given policy, and the capacity to determine policy success or failure. The policy network concept is strongly influenced by inter-organizational theory, which stresses actors are dependent on each other because they need each other's resources to achieve their goals. Policy networks are "relatively stable sets of private and public organizations that negotiate in a horizontal, coordinating manner." Actors converge around various policy problems and interact through the sharing of information, expertise, and political support. The types of networks that form depend on the balance of political power and resources between private and public actors. Policy network analyses attempts to explain policy development by examining networks of actors concerned with a given policy problem across public and private sectors. Design/Methodology/Approach: Studies of networks had been "guided primarily by two theoretical perspectives: resource dependence and related exchange perspectives. The policy network approach focuses attention on the interaction processes between interdependent actors and the complexity of objectives and strategies as a consequence of that interaction. The functioning of networks can be addressed using this network analytical approach, since we defined functioning as the process by which certain network conditions lead to [...]
doi:10.22054/tssq.2016.2455 doaj:29f867c48ca147c7ade7f919edccb165 fatcat:zhus3zo5inanllcnmwnveaua64