Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Differences Between Alzheimer Disease With and Without Subcortical Lacunes

Yuan-Yu Hsu, Norbert Schuff, Diane L. Amend, An-Tao Du, David Norman, Helena C. Chui, William J. Jagust, Michael W. Weiner
2002 Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders  
Previous reports showed that patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) frequently have coexisting vascular-related pathologies, such as cerebral infarcts and white matter lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of subcortical lacunar infarcts on brain structure in patients with AD. Semi-automated tissue segmentation and volumetry of magnetic resonance imaging data were performed in 38 AD patients without lacunes (AD-L), 24 AD patients with subcortical lacunes (AD +L), and 40
more » ... atched cognitively healthy subjects without lacunes. The following tissue volumes were quantified, expressed as percentage of total intracranial volume: ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), sulcal CSF, cortical gray matter (GM), subcortical GM, white matter (WM), white matter signal hyperintensities (WMSH), lacunes, and hippocampus. There was no difference in the Mini-Mental State Examination between the two AD groups. AD+L patients compared with AD-L subjects had significantly greater volumes of WMSH and ventricular CSF spaces (as expected) but smaller sulcal CSF spaces and no significant increase in cortical GM atrophy (both unexpected). In the AD groups, ventricular CSF correlated inversely with cortical GM but not with WM; sulcal CSF correlated inversely with cortical GM and WM. Cognitive impairment was associated with sulcal CSF volume but not with volumes of WMSH or lacunes. In conclusion, the presence of subcortical lacunes in those with AD is associated with more WM lesions and ventriculomegaly but not with cortical atrophy. Keywords Alzheimer disease; Cerebral infarcts; Magnetic resonance imaging Alzheimer disease (AD) is characterized by progressive accumulation of neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, as well as brain atrophy beginning in the medial temporal lobes and extending to isocortical regions (Geula, 1998) . In addition, AD patients frequently show coexisting vascular pathology (Gold et al., 1998; Holmes et al., 1999) . Incomplete white matter (WM) infarcts (Brun and Englund, 1986) are seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as
doi:10.1097/00002093-200204000-00002 pmid:12040300 pmcid:PMC1820852 fatcat:zieazb6fgzaxjcjdhj2ovsfpoi