A New Protection Scheme for Biometric Templates based on Random Projection and CDMA Principle

Ayoub Lahmidi, Khalid Minaoui, Chouaib Moujahdi, Mohammed Rziza
2021 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
Although biometric technologies have revolutionized the world of communication and dematerialized exchanges, authentication by biometrics still has many limitations, particularly in terms of privacy concerns, due to the various potential threats to which biometric templates are subject. The existence of these vulnerabilities has created an enormous need for biometric data protection. Indeed, several protection schemes have been proposed, which are normally supposed to offer certain guarantees,
more » ... ncluding the confidentiality of the collected personal data and the reliability of the recognition system. The challenge for all these techniques is to achieve a trade-off between performance accuracy and robustness against vulnerabilities, which is not always obvious. In this paper, we propose a theoretical protection model dedicated to biometric authentication systems. The objective is to ensure a high level of security for the stored reference data in such a way that it complies with the non-invertibility and revocability properties. The main idea is to incorporate a discretization tool, namely the spread spectrum technology and in particular the Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA), into a biometric system based on Random Projection. We introduce and demonstrate the proposed scheme as a non-invertible transform, while proving its effectiveness and ability to meet the requirements of revocability and unlinkability.
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2021.0121088 fatcat:gs44sv6sczbrnavux4cd52kpry