M-current induced Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation and switching of neuron excitability class

Isam Al-Darabsah, Sue Ann Campbell
In this work, we consider a general conductance-based neuron model with the inclusion of the acetycholine sensitive, M-current. We study bifurcations in the parameter space consisting of the applied current [Formula: see text], the maximal conductance of the M-current [Formula: see text] and the conductance of the leak current [Formula: see text]. We give precise conditions for the model that ensure the existence of a Bogdanov-Takens (BT) point and show that such a point can occur by varying
more » ... rmula: see text] and [Formula: see text]. We discuss the case when the BT point becomes a Bogdanov-Takens-cusp (BTC) point and show that such a point can occur in the three-dimensional parameter space. The results of the bifurcation analysis are applied to different neuronal models and are verified and supplemented by numerical bifurcation diagrams generated using the package MATCONT. We conclude that there is a transition in the neuronal excitability type organised by the BT point and the neuron switches from Class-I to Class-II as conductance of the M-current increases.
doi:10.1186/s13408-021-00103-5 pmid:33587210 fatcat:ofjph66kkfdffku73aldz2bhmi