Molecular Identification of Mammalian Phosphopentomutase and Glucose-1,6-bisphosphate Synthase, Two Members of the α-D-Phosphohexomutase Family

Pushpa Maliekal, Tatiana Sokolova, Didier Vertommen, Maria Veiga-da-Cunha, Emile Van Schaftingen
2007 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The molecular identity of mammalian phosphopentomutase has not yet been established unequivocally. That of glucose-1,6bisphosphate synthase, the enzyme that synthesizes a cofactor for phosphomutases and putative regulator of glycolysis, is completely unknown. In the present work, we have purified phosphopentomutase from human erythrocytes and found it to copurify with a 68-kDa polypeptide that was identified by mass spectrometry as phosphoglucomutase 2 (PGM2), a protein of the
more » ... e ␣-D-phosphohexomutase family and sharing about 20% identity with mammalian phosphoglucomutase 1. Data base searches indicated that vertebrate genomes contained, in addition to PGM2, a homologue (PGM2L1, for PGM2-like 1) sharing about 60% sequence identity with this protein. Both PGM2 and PGM2L1 were overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and their properties were studied. Using catalytic efficiency as a criterion, PGM2 acted more than 10-fold better as a phosphopentomutase (both on deoxyribose 1-phosphate and on ribose 1-phosphate) than as a phosphoglucomutase. PGM2L1 showed only low (<5%) phosphopentomutase and phosphoglucomutase activities compared with PGM2, but was about 5-20-fold better than the latter enzyme in catalyzing the 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate-dependent synthesis of glucose 1,6-bisphosphate and other aldosebisphosphates. Furthermore, quantitative real-time PCR analysis indicated that PGM2L1 was mainly expressed in brain where glucose-1,6-bisphosphate synthase activity was previously shown to be particularly high. We conclude that mammalian phosphopentomutase and glucose-1,6-bisphosphate synthase correspond to two closely related proteins, PGM2 and PGM2L1, encoded by two genes that separated early in vertebrate evolution.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m706818200 pmid:17804405 fatcat:5iswhgbq7rcvxlv2bsiygd56nq