The Role of College Counseling in Shaping College Opportunity: Variations across High Schools

Laura W Perna, Heather T Rowan-Kenyon, Scott Loring Thomas, Angela Bell, Robert Anderson, Chunyan Li
2008 Review of higher education (Print)  
This study draws on data from descriptive case studies of 15 high schools, three in each of five states. The findings highlight constraints in the availability of college counseling, differences in the availability of college counseling across schools, and the influence of schools, districts, higher education institutions, and states on the availability and nature of college counseling. The study suggests that, in the context of limited fiscal and other resources, changes in federal and state
more » ... federal and state financial aid policies, district policies pertaining to counseling, and relationships with higher education institutions will help ensure that all students receive sufficient college counseling. Although college enrollment rates have increased for all groups over the past three decades, gaps across socioeconomic and racial/ethnic groups persist. Students from low-income families, those whose parents have not attended college, and those of African American or Hispanic descent are less likely than those who are more affluent, from more educated households, and White to enroll in college. When students from underrepresented groups do enroll, they tend to be concentrated in public two-year colleges and less selective and less well-resourced four-year colleges and universities (
doi:10.1353/rhe.2007.0073 fatcat:oc5o3i24h5dtdhxtnwdj3foqfa