A Survey on Deep Learning for Localization and Mapping: Towards the Age of Spatial Machine Intelligence [article]

Changhao Chen, Bing Wang, Chris Xiaoxuan Lu, Niki Trigoni, Andrew Markham
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Deep learning based localization and mapping has recently attracted significant attention. Instead of creating hand-designed algorithms through exploitation of physical models or geometric theories, deep learning based solutions provide an alternative to solve the problem in a data-driven way. Benefiting from ever-increasing volumes of data and computational power, these methods are fast evolving into a new area that offers accurate and robust systems to track motion and estimate scenes and
more » ... r structure for real-world applications. In this work, we provide a comprehensive survey, and propose a new taxonomy for localization and mapping using deep learning. We also discuss the limitations of current models, and indicate possible future directions. A wide range of topics are covered, from learning odometry estimation, mapping, to global localization and simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM). We revisit the problem of perceiving self-motion and scene understanding with on-board sensors, and show how to solve it by integrating these modules into a prospective spatial machine intelligence system (SMIS). It is our hope that this work can connect emerging works from robotics, computer vision and machine learning communities, and serve as a guide for future researchers to apply deep learning to tackle localization and mapping problems.
arXiv:2006.12567v2 fatcat:snb2byqamfcblauw5lzccb7umy