Long Document Ranking with Query-Directed Sparse Transformer [article]

Jyun-Yu Jiang, Chenyan Xiong, Chia-Jung Lee, Wei Wang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The computing cost of transformer self-attention often necessitates breaking long documents to fit in pretrained models in document ranking tasks. In this paper, we design Query-Directed Sparse attention that induces IR-axiomatic structures in transformer self-attention. Our model, QDS-Transformer, enforces the principle properties desired in ranking: local contextualization, hierarchical representation, and query-oriented proximity matching, while it also enjoys efficiency from sparsity.
more » ... ments on one fully supervised and three few-shot TREC document ranking benchmarks demonstrate the consistent and robust advantage of QDS-Transformer over previous approaches, as they either retrofit long documents into BERT or use sparse attention without emphasizing IR principles. We further quantify the computing complexity and demonstrates that our sparse attention with TVM implementation is twice more efficient than the fully-connected self-attention. All source codes, trained model, and predictions of this work are available at https://github.com/hallogameboy/QDS-Transformer.
arXiv:2010.12683v1 fatcat:rgjxvvidpjbzdlp23ir26l43ii