Citrulline and Arginine Content of Taxa of Cucurbitaceae

Jordan Hartman, Todd Wehner, Guoying Ma, Penelope Perkins-Veazie
2019 Horticulturae  
Watermelon is the most significant, natural plant source of L-citrulline, a non-proteinaceous amino acid that benefits cardiovascular health and increases vasodilation in many tissues of the body. Watermelon is a member of the Cucurbitaceae, which includes squash, melon, pumpkin, and cucumber. It is possible that other cucurbits could be good sources of citrulline or of arginine, its direct precursor. Twenty-one cultigens were evaluated in triplicate at two locations in North Carolina to
more » ... e citrulline and arginine amounts and variation due to cultigen, replication, and environment. Cultigens containing the highest amount of citrulline (based on LS means) in g/kg fresh weight were 'Crimson Sweet' watermelon (2.85), 'Dixielee' watermelon (2.43), casaba-type melon (0.86), mouse melon (0.64), and horned melon rind (0.45). Additionally, mouse melon, horned melon, and bitter gourd (arils) may be interesting sources of arginine-family amino acids, perhaps because of their large seed and aril content relative to mesocarp.
doi:10.3390/horticulturae5010022 fatcat:lnxkapsrdjbqlj647uiv6cbex4