Automatic Design of Boolean Networks for Modelling Cell Differentiation [chapter]

Stefano Benedettini, Andrea Roli, Roberto Serra, Marco Villani
2014 Evolution, Complexity and Artificial Life  
A mathematical model based on Random Boolean Networks has been recently proposed to describe the main features of cell differentiation. The model captures in a unique framework all the main phenomena involved in cell differentiation and can be subject to experimental testing. A prominent role in the model is played by cellular noise, which somehow controls the cell ontogenetic process from the stem, totipotent state to the mature, completely differentiated one. Noise is high in stem cells and
more » ... in stem cells and it decreases while the cell undergoes the differentiation process. A limitation of the current mathematical model is that Random Boolean Networks, as an ensemble, are not endowed with the property of showing a smooth relation between noise level and the differentiation stages of cells. In this work, we show that it is possible to generate an ensemble of Boolean networks that can accomplish such requirement, while keeping the other main relevant statistical features of classical Random Boolean Networks. This ensemble is designed by means of an optimisation process, in which a stochastic local search optimises an objective function which accounts for the requirements the network ensemble has to fulfil.
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-37577-4_5 fatcat:fpiuku5cozhtjokvvd6kwlxx44