Influence of Assimilating Wind Profiling Radar Observations in Distinct Dynamic Instability Regions on the Analysis and Forecast of an Extreme Rainstorm Event in Southern China

Deqiang Liu, Chuanrong Huang, Jie Feng
2022 Remote Sensing  
This study quantitatively examines the contribution of assimilating observations in the regions with different dynamic instabilities to the analysis and prediction of an extreme rainstorm event in Fujian Province of China. The wind profiling radar (WPR) observations are classified into two groups, i.e., strong and weak instability areas (SIA and WIA), according to their local dynamic instability identified by the ensemble spread. Their performance of assimilation and prediction in terms of the
more » ... ind and precipitation are evaluated and compared in detail. The results show that the wind analysis error by assimilating all of the WPR observations can be reduced by about 30%. In particular, the wind analysis errors by only assimilating the observations in the SIA are about 12% lower than those in the WIA. They are related to the existence of the low-level horizontal wind shear with strong instability in the SIA. The case study shows that the assimilation of observations in the SIA can effectively correct the wind fields on the two sides of the wind shear line, producing an improved precipitation forecast compared to observation assimilation in the WIA.
doi:10.3390/rs14143478 fatcat:lzaam7tyyzfklkcs4gzrz7usry