The diagnostic power of CD117, CD13, CD56, CD64, and MPO in rapid screening acute promyelocytic leukemia [post]

Vinh Thanh Tran, Thang Thanh Phan, Hong-Phuoc Mac, Tung Thanh Tran, Toan Trong Ho, Suong Phuoc Pho, Van-Anh Ngoc Nguyen, Truc-My Vo, Hue Thi Nguyen, Thao Thi Le, Tin Huu Vo, Son Truong Nguyen
2020 unpublished
Objective: The same immuno-phenotype between HLA-DR-negative acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) causes APL rapid screening to become difficult. This study aimed to identify the associated antigens for APL and the best model in clinical uses.Results: A total of 36 APL (PML-RARA+) and 29 HLA-DR-negative non-APL patients enrolled in this study. When a cut-off point of 20% events was applied to define positive or negative status, APL and non-APL patients share a
more » ... atients share a similar immuno-phenotype of CD117, CD34, CD11b, CD13, CD33, and MPO (P>0.05). However, expression intensity of CD117 (P=0.002), CD13 (P<0.001), CD35 (P<0.001), CD64 (P<0.001), and MPO (P<0.001) in APL are significantly higher while CD56 (P=0.049) is lower than in non-APL subjects. The Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA) analysis identified CD117 (≥49% events), CD13 (≥88% events), CD56 (≤25% events), CD64 (≥42% events), and MPO (≥97% events) antigens as an optimal model for APL diagnosis. A combination of these factors resulted in an area under curve (AUC) value of 0.98 together with 91.7% sensitivity and 93.1% specificity, which is better than individual markers (AUC were 0.76, 0.84, 0.65, 0.82, and 0.85, respectively) (P=0.001).
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:tf7aogxs4vhmti4hn3ozu7kg6u