Air Pollution Control Measures in Korea
Journal of Japan Society of Air Pollution
Through the pursuit of the materialistic life which has resulted from technological advances, the sources of air pollution have multiplied and diversified. The three sources that have most accelerated air pollution are over population, rapid urbanization and industrialization. The SO2 and TSP levels of the larger cities were slightly over the environmental standard but the states of CO, HC and NOx pollution remain beneath the standard indicated. Countermeasures were taken to correct these
... correct these problems and they can be summarized in the following three steps: The first step taken to decrease the SO2 concentration was to recommend the transfer of the use of coal briquets to the cleaner oil fuels as well as providing low sulfur oils through the installation of desulfurization facilities and expanding the LNG supply within the Seoul metropolitan area. The transfer is not yet complete but the government now provides low sulfur fuels to the Seoul community. The second step taken was the reduction of dust particles through stricter supervision and the incentive of financial support for dust control facilities from the government. The third and last step was the reduction of oxidants through the installation of catalytic converters and the resultant use of unleaded gas with these converters in all automobiles produced since January 1988. Such as the already existant problems of acid rain and asbestos as well as the future problems of heavy metals in the air and the depletion of the ozone layer. However, many air pollution problems still exist. To cope with all of these problems we must have international as well as national cooperation for technological development and information.