ShapeAdv: Generating Shape-Aware Adversarial 3D Point Clouds [article]

Kibok Lee, Zhuoyuan Chen, Xinchen Yan, Raquel Urtasun, Ersin Yumer
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We introduce ShapeAdv, a novel framework to study shape-aware adversarial perturbations that reflect the underlying shape variations (e.g., geometric deformations and structural differences) in the 3D point cloud space. We develop shape-aware adversarial 3D point cloud attacks by leveraging the learned latent space of a point cloud auto-encoder where the adversarial noise is applied in the latent space. Specifically, we propose three different variants including an exemplar-based one by guiding
more » ... the shape deformation with auxiliary data, such that the generated point cloud resembles the shape morphing between objects in the same category. Different from prior works, the resulting adversarial 3D point clouds reflect the shape variations in the 3D point cloud space while still being close to the original one. In addition, experimental evaluations on the ModelNet40 benchmark demonstrate that our adversaries are more difficult to defend with existing point cloud defense methods and exhibit a higher attack transferability across classifiers. Our shape-aware adversarial attacks are orthogonal to existing point cloud based attacks and shed light on the vulnerability of 3D deep neural networks.
arXiv:2005.11626v1 fatcat:derfn55asneibdpoyblzaoeldy