Ghana's thoughtless ratification of the interim EPA, based on false data

Jacques Berthelot
2016 unpublished
In ratifying the EU-Ghana interim EPA the 3 August 2016 1 the Ghanean Parliament has shot itself in the foot, obeying to the Government which itself preferred to give in to the powerful pressures of international agribusinesses rather than to hear the warnings of the whole range of Ghanean civil society, from the Association of Ghanaian Industry to the Christian Council, the Trades Union movement, CSOs 2 and farmers organisations. Outline I-The GSP duties to pay on Ghanean exports to the EU are
more » ... ports to the EU are hugely exaggerated II-The huge losses of duties on imports from the EU28-UK and on exports to ECOWAS Member States III-The other constraints linked to the ratification of Ghana's interim EPA I-The GSP duties to pay on Ghanean exports to the EU are hugely exaggerated The Ministry of Trade and Industry is justifying the EPA by saying that €400 million of import duties of the GSP (Generalized System of Preferences) would have to be paid annually to continue to export to the EU but this figure is a pure fantasy not to say a huge lie. It suffice to read the following table showing the GSP duties that Ghana would have had to pay on its exports of 2015 either to the EU28 or to the EU28 minus the UK, which are the actual figures to take into account for the future after the Brexit. We see that total GSP duties would have been of €66.9 million in 2015 on exports to the EU28-16.7% of the alleged €400 million-and of only €44.9 million or 11.2% of the alleged €400 million to the EU28-UK, implying that the Brexit will reduce these duties by a third (-33.3%). Table 1 shows that, if agricultural and fish imports of the Harmonised System (HS) of trade chapters 01 to 24 have accounted for 60.4% the EU28 imports and 58.2% of the EU28-UK imports, they have accounted for 97.9% and 96.9% respectively of all GSP duties to pay to the EU28 and EU28-UK. Agricultural imports from Ghana outside chapters 01 to 24 are almost inexistent: €3,410 of essential oils (code 33011) which are imported duty free.