An Introduction to 3-D User Interface Design

Doug A. Bowman, Ernst Kruijff, Joseph J. LaViola, Ivan Poupyrev
2001 Presence - Teleoperators and Virtual Environments  
Three-dimensional user interface design is a critical component of any virtual environment (VE) application. In this paper, we present a broad overview of 3-D interaction and user interfaces. We discuss the effect of common VE hardware devices on user interaction, as well as interaction techniques for generic 3-D tasks and the use of traditional 2-D interaction styles in 3-D environments. We divide most userinteraction tasks into three categories: navigation, selection/manipulation, and system
more » ... ontrol. Throughout the paper, our focus is on presenting not only the available techniques but also practical guidelines for 3-D interaction design and widely held myths. Finally, we brie y discuss two approaches to 3-D interaction design and some example applications with complex 3-D interaction requirements. We also present an annotated online bibliography as a reference companion to this article.
doi:10.1162/105474601750182342 fatcat:tjrpoelpunai3ndkfmh7fmdh3u