Interferon lambda-1 (IFN-λ1/IL-29) induces ELR− CXC chemokine mRNA in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, in an IFN-γ-independent manner

V Pekarek, S Srinivas, J Eskdale, G Gallagher
2007 Genes and Immunity  
Interferon lambda-1 (IFN-l1), the prototype Type-III interferon, has antiviral functions similar to those of the Type-I interferons, IFN-a and IFN-b. However, IFN-l1 is capable of signaling through almost all STAT molecules and so it is possible that it may have novel immunoregulatory functions in addition to antiviral ones. From a range of chemokines tested, IFN-l1 elevated mRNA levels of only 'Monokine induced by IFN-gamma' (MIG/CXCL9), 'IFN-gamma inducible protein-10' (IP-10/CXCL10) and
more » ... 10/CXCL10) and 'IFN-gamma inducible T-cell a chemoattractant' (I-TAC/CXCL11) from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. As their names suggest, these chemokines are also induced by IFN-g, the only member of the Type-II interferon family. This action of IFN-l1 did not depend on intermediate induction of IFN-g and is therefore, likely to be independent of IFN-g. Further, our results suggest that donors responded to IFN-l1 stimulation either 'early' or 'late'. Overall the action of IFN-l1 was similar to that previously reported for IFN-g and may invite more detailed investigation of the role of IFN-l1 at the innate/adaptive interface.
doi:10.1038/sj.gene.6364372 pmid:17252004 fatcat:3lgyyytrt5g2vexlv4g4637pu4