Diagnosis of Lead Pollution of Surface Waters of a River: Case of the Djiri River in the Republic of Congo

Roch Corneille Ngoubou, Jean Bienvenu Dinga, Dominique Nganga
2021 Journal of Water Resource and Protection  
This research work focuses on the physico-chemical analysis of surface water from the Djiri River with the aim of preventing the population against possible water pollution. The analysis of samples taken from the Djiri river revealed the presence of lead in these waters at levels exceeding the WHO guideline values: an average annual pollution (0.93 mg/l) which is visibly higher than the value. WHO guide (0.01 mg/l) in situ data from the Djiri River revealed a significant drop in flow between
more » ... 2016 period characterized by a divergence index of 0.82344, thus highlighting a hydrological situation for which national hydrological stakeholders will absolutely have to implement measures, remedial measures or mechanisms to protect this river against possible disappearance by elimination of lead in the water. Journal of Water Resource and Protection Swimming; Laundry; Washing up; Food washing. An electric steelworks is erected 1km from the Djiri bridge (1st exit). It is likely to release toxic particles into the waters of the Djiri River that can cause damage to the environment in general and to human health in particular. This work is part of the protection of the water ecosystem and the health risk coverage of neighboring populations. Indeed, the problem of water pollution is closely linked to that of water quality and requires special attention in the Congo as in most developing countries; the faster a diagnosis of poor quality of water for use is made, the quicker the means can be implemented to provide solutions to cover health and environmental risks. During this study, we estimated the physico-chemical and metallic quality of Djiri's surface water from two sampling points: Djiri Station (Upstream Point) and Old Djiri Manianga Bridge (Downstream Point). Twelve months of sampling and physicochemical analyses have made it possible to demonstrate overall the pollutant nature of lead, the relative values of which for the monthly in situ measurement excess are strictly positive and consequently of the values of the pollution index strictly higher than the unit characterizing an exceeding of the WHO guide values for this metal [1]. Lead is a point source of pollution.
doi:10.4236/jwarp.2021.133010 fatcat:zstr3bcw5jggtdb7wfwkwt7baa