The morphology of unipolar potentials predicts the depth of activation foci

Yoshiaki Kaneko, Tadashi Nakajima, Masahiko Kurabayashi
2014 Journal of Arrhythmia  
Background: The depth of an arrhythmic focus is a major determinant of ablation procedural outcome. This study examined the relationship between the morphology of unipolar potentials and the depth and horizontal distance to activation foci. Methods: Unipolar left ventricular epicardial mapping was performed in 7 open-chest dogs, using silicon sheets with 12 unipolar electrodes 1 mm apart, during bipolar pacing from an octopolar plunge electrode with 1-mm interelectrode spacing. The morphology
more » ... g. The morphology of the unipolar electrograms was classified as QS, rS, qrS, qRS, rsr'S, or rsR'S. Results: A QS complex was recorded immediately above a subepicardial or mid-myocardial pacing site. An rS complex was recorded away from a subepicardial pacing site. A positive wave originating from a down sloping deflection (R-in-QR) such as r wave in qrS, R wave in qRS, r 0 wave in rsr'S or R 0 wave in rsR'S complexes was observed when the recording was above a deep myocardial pacing site or away from a midmyocardial pacing site. The amplitude of negative wave immediately before R-in-QR (Q-in-QR) was inversely correlated with the horizontal (R¼ À0.40; Po0.0001) and linear (R¼ À0.22; P¼0.0006) distance to the pacing site, and the amplitude of R-in-QR was positively correlated with the horizontal (R¼ 0.25; P¼ 0.0001) and linear (R¼ 0.29; Po0.0001) distance to the pacing site. The amplitude of the initial r wave was not correlated with the depth or horizontal and linear distance to the pacing site. Conclusion: The morphology of unipolar electrograms predicted the horizontal distance and the depth of nearby foci of activation.
doi:10.1016/j.joa.2014.02.009 fatcat:eurdbpt6y5hu7h4j7d4bx2m2fu