Miscellaneous Summary

1866 Scientific American  
116 Modern Methods oC Business. i The Opium Trade. A great change is taking place in our times in re-! 'fhe Ea:t Indian Budget, just laid before the THE population of St. Louis, according to a recent census, is 207,000. In 1860 there were twelve lJlan ufacturing establishments in that city, with a capital of $100,000; in 1865 there were sixty-two establish ments, employing two millions and a half of capital, being more than a million and a half in excess of the capital invested in the entire
more » ... te in 1860. The manufacture of india-rubber goods has also just been commenced by a well-known firm. spect to the methods of business_ Company concerns' British Parliament by Lord Cranborne, presents some are superseding individuals, and great capitalists ! curious facts relating to the opium trade as a source are taking the place of smalL Manufactures are be-, of revenue_ The gross revenue of the Government ing systematized and concenerated, and the forces of i for the years 1864-5 amounted to £47,041,000, show water and steam made to supersede and supplement, I ing a small surplus beyond expenditures, owing to as far as possible, human and animal labor_ All: the unexpected receipts from the customs tax on our small and rapid rivers are at work, and most opium_ In this item there is a large gain over the available water powers improved to relieve and aid previous year, which yielded £7,361,000, the increas.e human toiL Great manufacturing establishments being £1,277,000_ AN artesian well in process of sinking, at the Union Stock Yards, in Chicago, m., has reached a depth of 446 feet-The last ninety feet have been bored through the solid rock. There were at one time indications of oil, but these have disappeared. and cities are constantly springing up, and going These amounts are paid wholly by the Chinese, rapidly ahead_ by whom the drug is consumed_ The estimated re-\Ve take the liberty to suggest connecting with ceipts for the current year are put at a still higher the Niagara ship canal a Niagara water-power canal, ' figure-larger than were ever before realized, with
doi:10.1038/scientificamerican08181866-116 fatcat:cugop6wk6jaxzplhozq52l5xz4