IMPACT ANALYSIS OF SHALE GAS EXPLOITATION

Andréa Gomes, Paula Ferreira, Amarildo Fernandes, Estevão Freire
2020 Acta Tecnología  
Shale gas is a type of unconventional gas exploited by the fracking process that has been widely diffused in the United States of America. This example has also led several countries to equate the possibility of exploring gas in nonconventional reservoirs, following the release of the world ranking of technically recoverable reserves in 2013 from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Fracking is the combination of two complex processes: hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling and it
more » ... al drilling and it can raise important environmental and social concerns. Currently, the methodologies used to assess impacts, when choosing a new energy source, tend to deal independently with the variables that make up these impacts. However, these variables are interrelated and will interact with each other. A systemic analysis is then required to deal with these complex relations. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the use of a system dynamics tool to assess these impacts and by this contribute to making better energy-related choices and to support the achievement of sustainable development goals.
doi:10.22306/atec.v6i2.77 fatcat:565a3lfvwfappctwijvxyicune