A Comparison of the Recognition of Overwork-related Cardiovascular Disease in Japan, Korea, and Taiwan

Jungsun PARK, Yangho KIM, Yawen CHENG, Seichi HORIE
2012 Industrial Health  
In Japan, Korea, and Taiwan, cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) caused by overwork are recognized by government as work-related. These three countries are the only countries in the world that officially recognize CVDs caused by psychosocial factors (e.g., overwork) as work-related cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases (WR-CVDs), and compensate employees accordingly. The present study compared the similarities and differences among the recognition of overwork-related CVDs
more » ... work-related CVDs in Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. The criteria by which WR-CVDs are identified are very similar in the three countries. However, in the interval surveyed (1996-2009), Korea had a remarkably larger number of recognized WR-CVD patients than did Japan or Taiwan. Recognition of occupational diseases is influenced by various factors, including socio-cultural values, the nature of occupational health care schemes, the extent of the social security umbrella, national health insurance policy, and scientific evidence. Our results show that social factors may be very different among the three countries studied, although the recognition criteria for WR-CVDs are quite similar. Method Occupational health professionals from South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan compared the recognition criteria for WR-CVDs in the three countries, and analyzed the differences and the similarities between socio-cultural schemes affecting workers' compensation for CVDs. The professionals also analyzed the nature of general health care schemes, worker socioeconomic status, the prevalence of labor unions, the social influences exerted by labor and management, and work culture.
doi:10.2486/indhealth.ms1317 pmid:22146142 fatcat:u2stntkjfzco3fb3dqhctidcoi