AVRUPA'DA İSLAM KARŞITLIĞINA GÜNCEL BAKIŞ
Journal of Academic Social Science Studies
In most of the European society, a classical perception of Muslims and Islam which comes from the past and continues today. These prejudices can be seen in a wide range from daily life to business life, from newspapers to books, from cinema to the other media organs. Having started to take on a corporate identity since 2008, Europe's encounter with the refugee crisis, especially due to the Syrian civil war that started in the spring of 2011, increased prejudices against Muslims and caused the
... ropean society to approach populist right movements. Based on the Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamization of the West (PEGIDA) movement in Germany and the Netherlands in recent years, these groups' anti-Islam, anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant demonstrations as well as religious-based associations and various attacks on foreigners' workplaces and homes, verbal abuse and violence against Muslims and Islamic There are planned attacks against associations. In many European Union (EU) countries, especially in education and business life, headscarf debates take place. Muslim women stand out as a group that is exposed to both sexism and racism in all areas of social and educational life. Decisions against taking the corpse to the homeland, finding a place and burial there, provision of halal food and halal slaughtering on the basis of Islamic methods, difficulties experienced in religious holidays and burial procedures are among the discriminations experienced by the Muslim population. The aim of this study is to highlight the experiences of Muslims living in Europe as victims of the phenomenon of anti-Islamism and to criticize the current situation. In this direction, first of all, the image of Muslims living in Europe will be examined, and then, with case studies, the current situation will be examined in terms of immigration, media, education, working life and social life (headscarf, halal food, religious holidays, burials, mosques and other social actions). For this purpose, the document analysis technique was used in the study and the data consists of news in the media, statistical data and reports. In the light of these data obtained, descriptive inferences were made, and the findings were interpreted and discussed from the perspective of anti-Islam. It is expected that the study will shed light on other studies on anti-Islamism, and it is suggested that all dimensions of anti-Islamism be revealed more specifically.