Expression of the transforming growth factor alpha protooncogene in differentiating human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells

T M Walz, C Malm, A Wasteson
1993 Cancer Research  
The process of myeloid differentiation in human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) is accompanied by the coordinate expression of numerous protooncogenes. To investigate the expression of transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) in myeloid differentiation, HL-60 cells were induced to differentiate into granulocytes with 1.25% dimethyl sulfoxide, 0.2 microM all-trans retinoic acid, or 500 microM N6,O2-dibutyryladenosine-3'5'-cyclic monophosphate or differentiated along the
more » ... ge pathway with 0.1 microM phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate. Using Northern blot analyses, TGF-alpha transcripts were detected within 24 h of treatment in cells differentiating toward granulocytes; maximal levels of gene expression were reached after 3 days or later and remained essentially constant throughout the observation period. These cells released TGF-alpha protein, as demonstrated by analysis of the incubation medium. In contrast, no TGF-alpha RNA or protein was detectable in HL-60 cell cultures when induced with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate. Epidermal growth factor receptor transcripts could not be detected either in undifferentiated or in differentiated HL-60 cells; therefore it appears as if an autocrine loop involving TGF-alpha in HL-60 cells is unlikely. In conclusion, the results demonstrate, for the first time, the expression of TGF-alpha in human granulocyte precursor cells. Our findings may indicate novel regulatory pathways in hematopoiesis.
pmid:7677980 fatcat:6657ehrisfh5pgzyrw5gpjpf7y