The Good, the Bad, and the Disruptive of Performance- Based Financing on the Mozambican Health System: Results from a process evaluation

Jessica Gergen, Yogesh Rajkotia, Nirmala Ravishankar
2018 Sociedade e Cultura  
Program director, ThinkWell nravishankar@thinkwell.global A significant debate is unfolding around whether performancebased financing (PBF) is a mechanism of achieving broader health systems transformation. This study aims to contribute to this dialogue by assessing how PBF fostered positive, perverse and disruptive effects on the health system in two provinces of Mozambique. The study used qualitative methods to collect data in 24 PBF health facilities from 60+ health workers and facility
more » ... istrators. PBF improved the facility's work environment through improved local financial capacity and autonomy, resulting in greater planning. Health workers perceived incentives as a source of motivation, however the allocation of incentives among staff as unfair and lacking transparency. Major improvements in data quality and completeness was observed in facility registers, verified quarterly. However, a heavier workload and enhanced focus on information systems were disruptive to time spent on clinical care. PBF remains a health systems strengthening intervention that results in targeted and program-driven changes that are not yet institutionalized or uniformly applied. Sustaining positive effects will requires greater focus on institutionalizing changes to governance, management structures, and financial autonomy, while enhancing inclusiveness of the demand-side.
doi:10.5216/sec.v21i2.56312 fatcat:udiaka3l5jglfftnq6ytcvzlqy