Sensitive Determination of Dopamine and Uric Acid by the Use of a Glassy Carbon Electrode Modified with Poly(3-methylthiophene)/Gold Nanoparticle Composites

Xue HUANG, Yongxin LI, Po WANG, Lun WANG
2008 Analytical Sciences  
A kind of novel nanocomposites, poly(3-methylthiophene) (P3MT)/gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), were successfully deposited onto the surface of a glassy carbon electrode. A field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) and electrochemical techniques were used for characterizing this modified electrode. The results showed that the AuNPs were inserted into a P3MT layer uniformly, and formed a porous 3D structure. This modified electrode showed excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the
more » ... ation of ascorbic acid (AA), dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA); the overlapping anodic peaks of AA, DA and UA were completely divided into three well-defined voltammetric peaks. A further study showed that there existed a linear relationship between the peak current and the concentration of DA in the range of 1.0 ¥ 10 -6 to 3.5 ¥ 10 -5 mol L -1 , and UA in the range of 1.0 ¥ 10 -6 to 3.2 ¥ 10 -5 mol L -1 . The detection limits were 2.4 ¥ 10 -7 mol L -1 for DA and 1.7 ¥ 10 -7 mol L -1 for UA. This proposed method was applied to the detection of real samples, and the results were satisfactory.
doi:10.2116/analsci.24.1563 pmid:19075465 fatcat:p6tvtkzzlzd4toe75h5l3xv7ge