A Dynamical Systems Characterisation of Atmospheric Jet Regimes [post]

Gabriele Messori, Nili Harnik, Erica Madonna, Orli Lachmy, Davide Faranda
2020 unpublished
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Atmospheric jet streams are typically separated into primarily <q>eddy-driven</q>, or <q>polar-front</q> jets and primarily <q>thermally-driven</q>, or "subtropical" jets. Some regions also display <q>merged</q> jets, resulting from the (quasi) co-location of the regions of eddy generation with the subtropical jet. The different locations and driving mechanisms of these jets issue from very
more » ... ets issue from very different underlying mechanisms, and result in very different jet characteristics. Here, we link our understanding of the dynamical jet maintenance mechanisms, mostly issuing from conceptual or idealised models, to the phenomena observed in reanalysis data. We specifically focus on developing a unitary analysis framework, grounded in dynamical systems theory, which may be applied to both idealised model and reanalysis data, and allow for direct intercomparison. Our results provide a proof-of-concept for using dynamical systems indicators to diagnose jet regimes in a versatile, conceptually intuitive and computationally efficient fashion.</p>
doi:10.5194/esd-2020-8 fatcat:vn6u7lmtnzfkpi4fzhqt3unmm4