Preface: Understanding dynamics and current developments of climate extremes in the Mediterranean region

R. F. Garcia-Herrera, P. Lionello, U. Ulbrich
2014 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
There is an increasing interest of scientists on climate extremes. A progressively larger number of papers dealing with climate issues have been produced in the past 15 yr, and those dealing with extremes have increased at an even faster pace. The number of papers on extremes in the Mediterranean follows this overall trend and confirms how extremes are perceived to be important by the scientific community and by society. This special issue (which is mainly related to activities of the MedCLIVAR
more » ... es of the MedCLIVAR (Mediterranean CLImate VARiability and Predictability) and CIRCE (Climate Change and Impact Research: the Mediterranean Environment) projects), contains thirteen papers that are representative of current research on extremes in the Mediterranean region. Five have precipitation as its main target, four temperature (one paper addresses both variables), and two droughts; the remaining papers consider sea level, winds and impacts on society. Results are quite clear concerning climate evolution toward progressively hotter temperature extremes, but more controversial for precipitation, though in the published literature there are indications for a future increasing intensity of hydrological extremes (intense precipitation events and droughts). Scenario simulations suggest an attenuation of extreme storms, winds, waves and surges, but more results are requested for confirming this future change. Published by Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 309-316, 2014
doi:10.5194/nhess-14-309-2014 fatcat:2paa7tc7cjgx3be6bdpmoq5x74