Smoothed Analysis of Balancing Networks [article]

Tobias Friedrich, Thomas Sauerwald, Dan Vilenchik
2010 arXiv   pre-print
In a balancing network each processor has an initial collection of unit-size jobs (tokens) and in each round, pairs of processors connected by balancers split their load as evenly as possible. An excess token (if any) is placed according to some predefined rule. As it turns out, this rule crucially affects the performance of the network. In this work we propose a model that studies this effect. We suggest a model bridging the uniformly-random assignment rule, and the arbitrary one (in the
more » ... of smoothed-analysis). We start with an arbitrary assignment of balancer directions and then flip each assignment with probability α independently. For a large class of balancing networks our result implies that after ( n) rounds the discrepancy is ( (1/2-α) n + n) with high probability. This matches and generalizes known upper bounds for α=0 and α=1/2. We also show that a natural network matches the upper bound for any α.
arXiv:1006.1443v1 fatcat:5g5ynfd45vf35nx52337x723lm