Causality and the Skyrme model

G.W. Gibbons
2003 Physics Letters B  
It is shown that despite the possibility of a breakdown of hyperbolicity, the SU(2) Skyrme model can never exhibit bulk violations of Einstein causality because its energy momentum tensor satisfies the dominant energy condition. It also satisfies the strong energy condition. The Born-Infeld-Skyrme model also satisfies both the dominant and strong energy conditions.
doi:10.1016/s0370-2693(03)00384-8 fatcat:zea5usjlxbaw3hshbqtwnkotym