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Japanese Journal of Rheumatism and Joint Surgery
Spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee was described as a distinct entity in 1968 (Ahlback et al). The etiology of this lesion remains unknown, although micro-trauma and vascular insufficiency have been suggested as causes. Typically the patient is a female in the sixth and seventh decade, sudden onset is characteristic, and the lesion occurs mainly on the medial femoral condyle. Radiographs show a subchondral radiolucency on the weight-bearing area with subsequent flattening, collapse and sclerosis.doi:10.11551/jsjd1982.5.631 fatcat:o4vllj2ti5b4hfi6266o4ujade