Pughikumo, Pughikumo, Olanrewaju, Ejele
2014 International Journal of Community Research   unpublished
Iron Deficiency (ID) is the commonest cause of malnutrition and anaemia worldwide. Iron stores in women of reproductive age are precarious and largely predict Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of ID and IDA in a group of non-pregnant women of reproductive age in Port Harcourt and determine what factors influence these in this group of women. Blood Samples from 126 healthy non pregnant premenopausal women were analyzed. The tests done
more » ... ed. The tests done include; Complete Blood Count (CBC), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and Serum Ferritin, (SF). Results showed that the means haemoglobin concentration (Hb) and SF were 123.5 ± 12.2g/L and 46.1±24.9µg/L respectively. The observed 32.4% prevalence of anaemia was associated with ID in 39.4% of cases. We recommend a pre-pregnancy CBC for women of reproductive age to detect and promptly treat anaemia as well as Iron fortification of staple foods, and possibly table salt in order to improve iron intake and iron status in non pregnant women and in the general population.