Association between physical activity and conversion from mild cognitive impairment to dementia [post]

2020 unpublished
Physical activity has been suggested to prevent the conversion of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia in patients. We investigated the association between the continuance and regularity of physical activity and the risk of developing dementia in patients with MCI. Methods We analyzed data for 247,149 individuals in the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) cohort who were enrolled between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2015. The patients were divided into four groups: those who did
more » ... not engage in physical activity consistently (Never-PA group), those who initiated physical activity (Initiation-PA group), those who ceased physical activity (Withdrawal-PA group), and those who performed physical activity consistently (Maintenance-PA group). We also divided the patients into two groups: those who engaged in physical activity irregularly (Irregular-PA) and those who undertook physical activity regularly (Regular-PA). Results When the risk for the Never-PA group was set as the benchmark (ref=1), the Maintenance-PA group had the lowest incidence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared to the other groups (HR= 0.82, 95% CI 0.79-0.86). The AD risk of Initiation-PA group (HR = 0.89, 95% CI 0.85-0.93) and Withdrawal-PA group (HR = 1, 95% CI 0.96-1.04) was still lower than the Never-PA group. In addition, compared to the Irregular-PA group, the Regular-PA group had a 15% reduced risk for developing AD. Conclusions Continued regular physical activity in patients with MCI is associated with a protective effect against developing AD. Moreover, ceasing physical activity could halt this protective 3 effect.
doi:10.21203/rs.2.23855/v1 fatcat:xcxhcbz6avg3xorxuggljgjrzy