Low Treewidth Embeddings of Planar and Minor-Free Metrics [article]

Arnold Filtser, Hung Le
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Cohen-Addad, Filtser, Klein and Le [FOCS'20] constructed a stochastic embedding of minor-free graphs of diameter D into graphs of treewidth O_ϵ(log n) with expected additive distortion +ϵ D. Cohen-Addad et al. then used the embedding to design the first quasi-polynomial time approximation scheme (QPTAS) for the capacitated vehicle routing problem. Filtser and Le [STOC'21] used the embedding (in a different way) to design a QPTAS for the metric Baker's problems in minor-free graphs. In this
more » ... we devise a new embedding technique to improve the treewidth bound of Cohen-Addad et al. exponentially to O_ϵ(loglog n)^2. As a corollary, we obtain the first efficient PTAS for the capacitated vehicle routing problem in minor-free graphs. We also significantly improve the running time of the QPTAS for the metric Baker's problems in minor-free graphs from n^O_ϵ(log(n)) to n^O_ϵ(loglog(n))^3. Applying our embedding technique to planar graphs, we obtain a deterministic embedding of planar graphs of diameter D into graphs of treewidth O((loglog n)^2)/ϵ) and additive distortion +ϵ D that can be constructed in nearly linear time. Important corollaries of our result include a bicriteria PTAS for metric Baker's problems and a PTAS for the vehicle routing problem with bounded capacity in planar graphs, both run in almost-linear time. The running time of our algorithms is significantly better than previous algorithms that require quadratic time. A key idea in our embedding is the construction of an (exact) emulator for tree metrics with treewidth O(loglog n) and hop-diameter O(loglog n). This result may be of independent interest.
arXiv:2203.15627v1 fatcat:3fkdetjlivctvcfrmsnfexgyka