Embedded Multi-Agent Systems Based Wireless Control Networks for Cyber-Physical Systems [article]

Mohammed Salem Taboun, University Of Calgary, Robert William Brennan
With the emergence of cyber-physical systems, there has been a growing interest in network-connected cyber-physical devices. One of the key requirements of a cyber-physical device is the ability to sense its environment. Wireless sensor networks are a widely-accepted solution for this requirement. As the capabilities of low processing power devices increase, there is also a growing interest in wireless control networks. As the capabilities of wireless control networks are extended to
more » ... ble systems, the bandwidth requirements are drastically increasing. To remain reconfigurable, an intelligent entity needs to process all of this data. Intelligent models are typically deployed in a cloud environment, and required data (typically sensory and reconfiguration data) is passed through a series of network protocols (eg. wireless sensor network and internet protocols) where it is then aggregated and processed by a model, which then returns reconfiguration data and control instructions. For large-scale industrial networks however, the limit on bandwidth produces a challenge for employing intelligent cloud-based models. In this thesis, embedded intelligence in wireless control networks by means of embedded software agents is proposed. Through the use of wireless sensor communication protocols based off of hardware protocols such as ZigBee, the embedded agents are proposed to maintain intelligence while reducing the bandwidth requirements of the wireless control network. Architectures for both cloud-based and embedded agents are compared through an experiment and simulation, which shows the embedded agents are still able to maintain the same quality of service while reducing the bandwidth usage. As the goal of embedding agents is to maintain the intelligence of the wireless control network in a more distributed fashion, new wireless protocols need to be developed. In harsh industrial environments, the wireless control network is subject to blockages, such as interference from welding machines. In this thesis, two pr [...]
doi:10.11575/prism/36608 fatcat:5xzygkit6nbudp24mlzmjr5g3y