Zerumbone Suppresses Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis Infection-Induced Colonic Inflammation through Inhibition of NF-κΒ
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) is human intestinal commensal bacterium and a potent initiator of colitis through secretion of the metalloprotease Bacteroides fragilis toxin (BFT). BFT induces cleavage of E-cadherin in colon cells, which subsequently leads to NF-κB activation. Zerumbone is a key component of the Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Smith plant and can exhibit anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. However, whether zerumbone has anti-inflammatory effects in ETBF-induced
... in ETBF-induced colitis remains unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the anti-inflammatory effect of orally administered zerumbone in a murine model of ETBF infection. Wild-type C57BL/6 mice were infected with ETBF and orally administered zerumbone (30 or 60 mg/kg) once a day for 7 days. Treatment of ETBF-infected mice with zerumbone prevented weight loss and splenomegaly and reduced colonic inflammation with decreased macrophage infiltration. Zerumbone treatment significantly decreased expression of IL-17A, TNF-α, KC, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in colonic tissues of ETBF-infected mice. In addition, serum levels of KC and nitrite was also diminished. Zerumbone-treated ETBF-infected mice also showed decreased NF-κB signaling in the colon. HT29/C1 colonic epithelial cells treated with zerumbone suppressed BFT-induced NF-κB signaling and IL-8 secretion. However, BFT-mediated E-cadherin cleavage was unaffected. Furthermore, zerumbone did not affect ETBF colonization in mice. In conclusion, zerumbone decreased ETBF-induced colitis through inhibition of NF-κB signaling.