Relativistic many-body investigation of hyperfine interactions in excitedSstates of alkali metals: Francium and potassium

Alfred Owusu, R. W. Dougherty, G. Gowri, T. P. Das, J. Andriessen
1997 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
To enhance the current understanding of mechanisms contributing to magnetic hyperfine interactions in excited states of atomic systems, in particular, alkali-metal atom systems, the hyperfine fields in the excited 5 2 S 1/2 -8 2 S 1/2 states of potassium and 8 2 S 1/2 -12 2 S 1/2 states of francium atoms have been studied using the relativistic linked-cluster many-body perturbation procedure. The net theoretical values of the hyperfine fields for the excited states studied are in excellent
more » ... e in excellent agreement with available experimental data for both atoms. There is a significant decrease in importance of the correlation contribution in going from the ground state to the excited states, the correlation contributions as ratios of the direct contribution decreasing rapidly as one moves to the higher excited states. However, the contribution from the exchange core polarization ͑ECP͒ effect is nearly a constant fraction of the direct effect for all the excited states considered. Physical explanations are offered for the observed trends in the contributions from the different mechanisms. A comparison is made of the different contributing effects to the hyperfine fields in potassium and francium to those in the related system, rubidium, studied earlier. Extrapolating from our results to the highly excited states of alkali-metal atoms, referred to as the Rydberg states, it is concluded that in addition to the direct contribution from the excited valence electron to the hyperfine fields, a significant contribution is expected from the ECP effect arising from the influence of exchange interactions between electrons in the valence and core states.
doi:10.1103/physreva.56.305 fatcat:zi3w7e4iv5bjtlol7cejnx2z3i