Nonsynonymous Polymorphisms in Genes in the One-Carbon Metabolism Pathway and Associations with Colorectal Cancer

A. Koushik, P. Kraft, C. S. Fuchs, S. E. Hankinson, W. C. Willett, E. L. Giovannucci, D. J. Hunter
2006 Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention  
The Ala 222 Val single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the gene for 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), a critical enzyme in one-carbon metabolism, has been associated with colorectal cancer risk. Many enzymes are involved in one-carbon metabolism, and SNPs in the corresponding genes may play a role in colorectal carcinogenesis. We examined 24 nonsynonymous SNPs in 13 genes involved in the one-carbon metabolism pathway in relation to the risk of colorectal cancer in a
more » ... study nested in the Nurses' Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study cohorts. Among 376 men and women with colorectal cancer and 849 controls, a reduced risk of colorectal cancer was observed for Val/Val versus Ala carriers of MTHFR Ala 222 Val [odds ratio (OR), 0.66; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.43-1.00]. An increased risk was suggested for the variant carrier genotypes versus homozygous wild-type for betaine hydroxymethyltransferase Arg 239 Gln (OR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.07-1.83) and two linked SNPs in methionine synthase reductase, Ser 284 Thr (OR, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.05-3.27) and Arg 415 Cys (OR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.15-3.56). The other SNPs were not associated with colorectal cancer risk. Also, none of the SNPs were associated with risk in subgroups of dietary methyl status or were jointly associated with colorectal cancer risk in combination with another SNP, except possibly SNPs in methionine synthase and transcobalamin II. However, these analyses of gene-diet interactions were limited in statistical power. Our results corroborate previous findings for MTHFR Ala 222 Val and suggest that other genes involved in one-carbon metabolism, particularly those that affect DNA methylation, may be associated with colorectal cancer risk. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev
doi:10.1158/1055-9965.epi-06-0624 pmid:17164363 fatcat:lqei6xctm5grxk6qgsxwocmk7u