Recent Advances in Nucleic Acid Modulation for Functional Nanozyme

Xin Wang, Yuancong Xu, Nan Cheng, Xinxian Wang, Kunlun Huang, Yunbo Luo
2021 Catalysts  
Nanozymes have the potential to replace natural enzymes, so they are widely used in energy conversion technologies such as biosensors and signal transduction (converting biological signals of a target into optical, electrical, or metabolic signals). The participation of nucleic acids leads nanozymes to produce richer interface effects and gives energy conversion events more attractive characteristics, creating what are called "functional nanozymes". Since different nanozymes have different
more » ... have different internal structures and external morphological characteristics, functional modulation needs to be compatible with these properties, and attention needs to be paid to the influence of nucleic acids on nanozyme activity. In this review, "functional nanozymes" are divided into three categories, (nanozyme precursor ion)/ (nucleic acid) self-assembly, nanozyme-nucleic acid irreversible binding, and nanozyme-nucleic acid reversible binding, and the effects of nucleic acids on modulation principles are summarized. Then, the latest developments of nucleic acid-modulated nanozymes are reviewed in terms of their use in energy conversion technology, and their conversion mechanisms are critically discussed. Finally, we outline the advantages and limitations of "functional nanozymes" and discuss the future development prospects and challenges in this field.
doi:10.3390/catal11050638 fatcat:xgg2426q5bblnfxcpibwr2b7r4