Practical Aspects of Cavitation [and Discussion]

J. M. Hobbs, R. Hickling, J. H. Brunton, A. T. Ellis, G. E. Gadd, T. B. Benjamin, A. Silverleaf, A. V. Smith, F. G. Hammitt, K. K. Shal'nev, A. Tuffrey, F. J. Heymann (+10 others)
<span title="1966-07-28">1966</span> <i title="The Royal Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ercgg4vn2fenngurcnadfzdfri" style="color: black;">Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
Damage produced by cavitation under field conditions can be a serious problem. The main causes of this damage and its characteristics are discussed briefly and possible remedial measures are examined. Accelerated laboratory tests are found to play an important part in cavitation erosion research, but interpretation of results needs care. Most past investigators have tended to treat cavitation damage and droplet erosion as unrelated phenomena and only qualitative correlations between the
more &raquo; ... ve simulated tests have been possible. This paper presents an attempt to correlate quantitatively the results of three different erosion tests. A broad correlation between results of the drop impact erosion and constricted tube cavitation tests shows general agreement. A more detailed, but restricted, correlation has been obtained between results of drop impact and vibratory cavitation erosion tests. In both cor relations, however, there is evidence of some discrepancies between corrodible and incorrodible materials. A number of factors which govern the rate of damage in the various laboratory tests are of interest. In particular, in the drop impact test the velocity of collision and the jet diameter are shown to have significant effects. There is a marked similarity between the behaviour of materials in this test and in fatigue tests and also evidence of a threshold velocity below which measurable damage ceases. The other laboratory tests were found to have their own particular controlling parameters, but the general phenomenon of cavitation erosion is more complex and is not discussed in detail. By conducting comparative tests under reproducible conditions it has been possible to classify a variety of new and traditional materials in order of relative erosion resistance and thus provide some guide to their selection for service. While the results add to the evidence that hardness is the major attribute controlling erosion resistance other properties such as ductility, elasticity and fatigue strength are seen to be significant. Bebchuk, A. S. 1957
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