Tight adversary bounds for composite functions [article]

Peter Hoyer
2006 arXiv   pre-print
The quantum adversary method is a versatile method for proving lower bounds on quantum algorithms. It yields tight bounds for many computational problems, is robust in having many equivalent formulations, and has natural connections to classical lower bounds. A further nice property of the adversary method is that it behaves very well with respect to composition of functions. We generalize the adversary method to include costs--each bit of the input can be given an arbitrary positive cost
more » ... enting the difficulty of querying that bit. We use this generalization to exactly capture the adversary bound of a composite function in terms of the adversary bounds of its component functions. Our results generalize and unify previously known composition properties of adversary methods, and yield as a simple corollary the Omega(sqrtn) bound of Barnum and Saks on the quantum query complexity of read-once functions.
arXiv:quant-ph/0509067v3 fatcat:a3zgceeasjfghkpqr2grrnpdqa