2. Word, nexus, and cursus as morphonological units
Syllable, Word, Nexus, Cursus
INTRODUCTION 1931 is considered to be the year of the formation of a new linguistic disciplinemorphonology, in the history of a linguistic science. In the very year, a programme article, written by M. S. Trubetskoy, "Gedanken über Morphonologie" was published in the "Travaux de Cercle Linguistique de Praque", No. 4. Defining morphonology as a science of the principles of a morphological use of the language phonological means, he identified three aspects of each and outlined the tasks of each of
... he tasks of each of them. Three years later, in the work "Das morphonologische System der russischen Sprache", the scientist proposed a model of applying his model of morphonology to the analysis of the morphonological facts of a particular language. The works of M. S. Trubetskoy became a kind of summary of the searches and achievements in this area of linguistics for many generations of the researchers. After all, the question of the compatibility of sounds and their mutual influences were analysed by the authors of ancient Indian grammars. In particular, Panini in his "Vosmyknyzhya" / "Eight Books", paid a considerable attention to the analysis of the equivalents of the modern morphonological transformations to the phenomena of sandhi (ie, the changes in sounds at the morphemic sutures and on the verge of words) and vrdhi and hunas (the alternation of vowels in the roots). Therefore, the topicality of the morphonological patterns for grammar was already understood by the researchers. All morphological problems, discussed since M. S. Trubetskoy period, can be grouped into two groups: 1) the general theoretical problems of morphology; 2) the problems analysis of the morphonological systems of languages with a high degree of phenomena activity of the morphemes formal modification by their combination in the processes of word-change and word-formation. In the list of the first are the most relevant issues on the status of morphonology and its units, the classification of the automatic (due to the existing phonetic laws) alternations, the correlation / incompatibility of the morphonological transformations with the plan of a language content and the presence / absence of isomorphology among the morphonological phenomena of word-change and word-formation.