Complex interpolation and twisted twisted Hilbert spaces

Félix Cabello Sánchez, Jesús Castillo, Nigel Kalton
2015 Pacific Journal of Mathematics  
We show that Rochberg's generalizared interpolation spaces $\mathscr Z^{(n)}$ arising from analytic families of Banach spaces form exact sequences $0\to \mathscr Z^{(n)} \to \mathscr Z^{(n+k)} \to \mathscr Z^{(k)} \to 0$. We study some structural properties of those sequences; in particular, we show that nontriviality, having strictly singular quotient map, or having strictly cosingular embedding depend only on the basic case $n=k=1$. If we focus on the case of Hilbert spaces obtained from the
more » ... obtained from the interpolation scale of $\ell_p$ spaces, then $\mathscr Z^{(2)}$ becomes the well-known Kalton-Peck $Z_2$ space; we then show that $\mathscr Z^{(n)}$ is (or embeds in, or is a quotient of) a twisted Hilbert space only if $n=1,2$, which solves a problem posed by David Yost; and that it does not contain $\ell_2$ complemented unless $n=1$. We construct another nontrivial twisted sum of $Z_2$ with itself that contains $\ell_2$ complemented.
doi:10.2140/pjm.2015.276.287 fatcat:zbiyfom7nfdgvguxqsgqy4tqaq