Predictors of Iron Supplement Consumption in High School Girls: An Application of the Health Promotion Model

Masoumeh Abbasi-Shavazi, Zohreh Rahaei, Shahnaz Rashidian-Maybodi, Amin Salehi Abargouei, Health Education & Promotion Department, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran, Health Education & Promotion Department, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran, Health Education & Promotion Department, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran, "Nutrition & Food Security Research Center
2019 Journal of Education and Community Health  
1] Eating habits of female students residing in a university dormitory focusing on prevention of iron deficiency anemia, 2009 [2] Influence of nutrition training and weekly iron supplementation on the rate of girl student learning of Gonabad high schools [3] prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in high-school girl students of Yazd [4] Once weekly low-dose iron supplementation effectively improved iron status in adolescent girls [5] Effect of twice-weekly iron supplementation
more » ... on attention of female high school students [6] Preventing and controlling iron deficiency anaemia through primary health care: a guide for health administrators and programme managers [Internet] [7] The effects of peer education on girl students' knowledge and performance about iron deficiency and iron supplementation [8] Comparison of knowledge, attitude and practice of women toward iron deficiency anemia and consumption of iron supplements in Yazd and Orumiyeh-2011 [9] The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (ida) based on hematologic indices in non-pregnant women aged 15-45 in Zanjan [10] Intake of iron supplement and its related factors in jounior and high school girl students of the Iranian population [11] Test of the health promotion model as a causal model of commitment to a plan for exercise among Korean adults with chronic disease [12] Health promotion in nursing practice [13] Knowledge and practice of the students in Tabriz about iron deficiency and iron supplementation [14] Using multivariate statistics [15] Research in Health Care [16] Educational needs of women with metabolic syndrome on healthy nutrition in Isfahan: application of health promotion model [17] Survey of breakfast consumption status and its predictors among Qom students based on the Pender's Health Promotion Model constructs [18] Dietary behavior status and its predictors based on the Pender'S Health Promotion Model constructs among overweight women referred to Fatemieh Hospital Clinics in Hamedan [19] Determinants of oral health behavior among high school students in Marivan County, Iran based on the Pender's Health Promotion Model [20] Effect of a school-based oral health education programme in Wuhan City, Peoples Republic of China [21]Oral health beliefs in adolescence and oral health in young adulthood [22] Cognitive-behavioral determinants of oral health in students: an application of Pender's Health Promotion Model Aims Considering the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency and exposure to risk in adolescent girls, the aim of the present study was to determine the predictors of iron supplementation in high school girls using health promotion model. Instrument & Methods This cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study was carried out on 230 female students from high schools of Meybod city, Yazd province, Iran in 2017. The subjects were selected using classified random sampling method. Data were collected by the researcher-made questionnaire including demographic characteristics and health promotion model structures which was filled by self-administered. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16 software through linear regression analysis and Spearman correlation test. Findings The mean of iron supplement consumption among 16 distributed supplements was 8.44±5.19. The perceived self-efficacy and positive emotions had the strongest correlation with iron supplement consumption (p<0.01). Totally, 19.1% of the behavior variation was explained by perceived self-efficacy and barriers in which perceived self-efficacy was the strongest significant predictor of consumption of iron supplement (p<0.001). Conclusion Increase of self-efficacy and decrease of perceived barriers can increase the iron supplement consumption by high school girls.
doi:10.29252/jech.6.2.79 fatcat:asmwjd7ktzb7fp7x5gvitswkiq