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Black Carbon and Other Air Pollutants in Italian Ports and Coastal Areas: Problems, Solutions and Implications for Policies
Ships' emissions of air pollutants pose problems for local and regional public health and agricultural production, as well as global climate change. The Italian government's endorsement in 2019 of the creation of a Mediterranean Emission Control Area is a reflection of increasing concern about the emissions. Also, ongoing developments in the International Maritime Organization and in the European Union add to the Italian government's maritime shipping agenda and increase its complexity anddoi:10.3390/app10238544 fatcat:sd5qt754qze63new4eleflumqe