Fogyasztói trendek a táplálkozásban, különös tekintettel a fiatal korcsoportra

Zoltán Szakály
2019 Magyar Tudomány  
In the last decades we have witnessed a very fast spread of civilization diseases worldwide and the death rate caused by them has been the highest for long time now. Researches elaborting the topic soon found out that it is the changed lifestyle of people that is mainly responsible for the fast spread of non-communicable diseases. The outlined facts pose new challenges for the food industry: it needs to develop new foods with health protective impacts that slow down the spread of the
more » ... d of the civilization diseases affecting humans. This study shows those consumer trends that influence young people's eating habits. A further aim is to reveal the differences between nutrition trends and young people's eating attitudes. Our research includes a questionnaire involving 1000 young people. The age of the target group members was between 11 and 18. According to research results, we need to expect a strengthening of the 'naturally functional' trend in the coming years, and in the future it will also be the most important driving force of health-innovation. The majority of the youth have breakfast, lunch and dinner every day of the week, however, it is important to note that 15-16% of them have breakfast less than three times a week or never. Youth snack eating habits between the main meals are unfavourable since the most frequently consumed products are chocolate (60.8%), crisps (43.0%) and other salty snacks (41.9%). It is encouraging that fruit (39.3%) also figures prominently among snacks. Besides their snacking habits, the time when they pursue it can also be listed among the risk factors: most students have snacks in the afternoon or in the evening. According to the subjective opinion of the young people, healthy diet is important for all the members of the family and they think that their mother knows most about healthy eating. Contrary to the tendencies experienced so far young people judge their state of health the best in their families. The three most important sources of information for them are their parents, the internet and their teachers. The research results call attention to that the parents' and teachers' responsibility is big in shaping the youngsters' eating habits. Part of the information that is available on the internet cannot be regarded authentic, and a joint and coordinated action of professional organisations can be a solution to the problem.
doi:10.1556/2065.180.2019.5.13 fatcat:krsexitu2zdgdhiyhoezaaoxne