Learning Permutation Invariant Representations using Memory Networks [article]

Shivam Kalra, Mohammed Adnan, Graham Taylor, Hamid Tizhoosh
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Many real-world tasks such as classification of digital histopathology images and 3D object detection involve learning from a set of instances. In these cases, only a group of instances or a set, collectively, contains meaningful information and therefore only the sets have labels, and not individual data instances. In this work, we present a permutation invariant neural network called Memory-based Exchangeable Model (MEM) for learning set functions. The MEM model consists of memory units that
more » ... mbed an input sequence to high-level features enabling the model to learn inter-dependencies among instances through a self-attention mechanism. We evaluated the learning ability of MEM on various toy datasets, point cloud classification, and classification of lung whole slide images (WSIs) into two subtypes of lung cancer---Lung Adenocarcinoma, and Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma. We systematically extracted patches from lung WSIs downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas~(TCGA) dataset, the largest public repository of WSIs, achieving a competitive accuracy of 84.84\% for classification of two sub-types of lung cancer. The results on other datasets are promising as well, and demonstrate the efficacy of our model.
arXiv:1911.07984v2 fatcat:i2aqsn27fbf4vg4zhdkxjnobbm