Preparation and Properties of Inherently Black Polyimide Films with Extremely Low Coefficients of Thermal Expansion and Potential Applications for Black Flexible Copper Clad Laminates

Yao-yao Tan, Yan Zhang, Gang-lan Jiang, Xin-xin Zhi, Xiao Xiao, Lin Wu, Yan-Jiang Jia, Jin-gang Liu, Xiu-min Zhang
2020 Polymers  
In the current work, a series of black polyimide (PI) films with excellent thermal and dimensional stability at elevated temperatures were successfully developed. For this purpose, two aromatic diamines including 4,4′-iminodianline (NDA) and 2-(4-aminophenyl)-5- aminobenzimidazole (APBI) were copolymerized with pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) to afford PIs containing imino groups (–NH–) in the molecular structures. The referenced PI film, PI-ref, was simultaneously prepared from PMDA and
more » ... rom PMDA and 4,4′-oxydianiline (ODA). The introduction of imino groups endowed the PI films with excellent blackness and opaqueness with the optical transmittance lower than 2% at the wavelength of 600 nm at a thickness of 25 μm and lightness (L*) below 10 for the CIE (Commission International Eclairage) Lab optical parameters. Meanwhile, the introduction of rigid benzimidazole units apparently improved the thermal and dimensional stability of the PI films. The PI-d film based on PMDA and mixed diamines (NDA:APBI = 70:30, molar ratio) showed a glass transition temperature (Tg) of 445.5 °C and a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of 8.9 × 10−6/K in the temperature range of 50 to 250 °C, respectively. It is obviously superior to those of the PI-a (PMDA-NDA, Tg = 431.6 °C; CTE = 18.8 × 10−6/K) and PI-ref (PMDA-ODA, Tg = 418.8 °C; CTE: 29.5 × 10−6/K) films.
doi:10.3390/polym12030576 pmid:32150853 fatcat:ttwfzgwpcngf7ol76l7jrryqi4