Spatio-Temporal Correlation Analysis of Online Monitoring Data for Anomaly Detection in Distribution Networks [article]

Xin Shi, Robert Qiu, Zenan Ling, Fan Yang, Xing He
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The online monitoring data in distribution networks contain rich information on the running states of the system. By leveraging the data, this paper proposes a spatio-temporal correlation analysis approach for anomaly detection in distribution networks. First, spatio-temporal matrix for each feeder in the distribution network is formulated and the spectrum of its covariance matrix is analyzed. The spectrum is complex and exhibits two aspects: 1) bulk, which arises from random noise or
more » ... ns and 2) spikes, which represents factors caused by anomaly signals or fault disturbances. Then by connecting the estimation of the number of factors to the limiting empirical spectral density of the covariance matrix of the modeled residual, the anomaly detection problem in distribution networks is formulated as the estimation of spatio-temporal parameters, during which free random variable techniques are used. Furthermore, as for the estimated factors, we define and calculate a statistical magnitude for them as the spatial indicator to indicate the system state. Simultaneously, we use the autoregressive rate to measure the varieties of the temporal correlations of the data for tracking the system movement. Our approach is purely data driven and it is capable of discovering the anomalies in an early phase by exploring the variations of the spatio-temporal correlations of the data, which makes it practical for real applications. Case studies on the synthetic data verify the effectiveness of our approach and analyze the implications of the spatio-temporal parameters. Through the real-world online monitoring data, we further validate our approach and compare it with another spectrum analysis approach using the Marchenko-Pastur law. The results show that our approach is more accurate and it can serve as a primitive for analyzing the spatio-temporal data in a distribution network.
arXiv:1810.08962v1 fatcat:sbdlyejevraxjincms6ihouavm