H E-based Computational Biomarker Enables Universal EGFR Screening for Lung Adenocarcinoma [article]

Gabriele Campanella, David Ho, Ida Häggström, Anton S Becker, Jason Chang, Chad Vanderbilt, Thomas J Fuchs
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, with lung adenocarcinoma being the most prevalent form of lung cancer. EGFR positive lung adenocarcinomas have been shown to have high response rates to TKI therapy, underlying the essential nature of molecular testing for lung cancers. Despite current guidelines consider testing necessary, a large portion of patients are not routinely profiled, resulting in millions of people not receiving the optimal treatment for their lung cancer.
more » ... equencing is the gold standard for molecular testing of EGFR mutations, but it can take several weeks for results to come back, which is not ideal in a time constrained scenario. The development of alternative screening tools capable of detecting EGFR mutations quickly and cheaply while preserving tissue for sequencing could help reduce the amount of sub-optimally treated patients. We propose a multi-modal approach which integrates pathology images and clinical variables to predict EGFR mutational status achieving an AUC of 84% on the largest clinical cohort to date. Such a computational model could be deployed at large at little additional cost. Its clinical application could reduce the number of patients who receive sub-optimal treatments by 53.1% in China, and up to 96.6% in the US.
arXiv:2206.10573v1 fatcat:f4rynvrsjrbqtg4745ovbo6wk4